A good introduction structure is crucial to producing a sustained argument. In this, part 2 of our Essay Writing Series we explain how to structure your essay introduction. You may want to read the other posts in our series before this one:. Learning how to write a thematic framework is a crucial step in developing essay writing skills.
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Band 6 essays score highly because they have excellent structure. Readers must be able to follow you argument from the thesis, to the introduction of themes, and then onto your body paragraphs. Writing a strong thematic framework is part of good essay introduction structure. You need it to create a sustained argument to score a Band 6 result! Read on to find out how to do this by writing a good thematic framework.
The point of essay structure is to develop a sustained argument. This demonstrates that there is a logical sequence to writing an essay. As we considered in the previous post, this process looks like:. The thematic framework is a crucial piece of signposting in an essay.
But what is signposting? Signposting is giving cues to a reader so they know where they are orientated in your essay. When we introduce the themes in an introduction , we are telling the reader what to expect as we progress through the argument. This is the thematic framework. The topic sentences we use to introduce our body paragraphs have a direct connection to the thematic framework in our introduction. When the reader reads the topic sentences, they see a cue that reminds them of what and how we said we were going to argue.
This creates a sustained argument. Before we look at how to write a topic sentence, we need to have a thesis to link to. We will continue to answer the same question:. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
HubPages Inc, a part of Maven Inc. As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so. Evie Lopez more. Step I: Subject and Topic 1. You can find a subject in many ways.
Why do we write essays?
You can do so by, Freewriting brainstorming Looking in a dictionary Reading a Newspaper or magazine Looking in a journal or notebook Searching the internet 4. Things to consider when shaping a topic : It should have an impact on the reader by being informative, entertaining, influential, emotional, or interesting.
You will want to shape the topic to the appropriate length for your essay. Narrowing a Topic. Some ways to narrow a topic are by: Freewriting Making a list Examine subject from different angles Clustering 7. To inform the reader of something To persuade the reader to think or act a certain way.
You may want to think about entertaining the reader. You can do the following: Freewriting List Write. Jot down everything you know about the topic in a short list. Ask yourself questions, and answer those questions. Start with the essential ideas and then connect ideas in a cluster. Write a letter to yourself or someone else explaining exactly what you know about a particular idea or topic.
Keep a journal. Jot down things during the day that pertain to your topic as your thinking about developing your essay.
Talk with other people about your topic see if they know anything that you may want to use in your essay. Thesis Statement The thesis tells what an essay is going to be about. It is a brief opinion on a limited subject, and it usually appears at the end of the introduction. It guides the reader; it tells the reader exactly how you are going to be developing this particular topic. It presents the main idea of the essay. Working Thesis Statement You should always begin your writing with a working thesis statement.
This helps you to organize our ideas and set u the structure of the essay. The Essay Map Once your have your thesis, you may want to start with an essay map. The essay map breaks the thesis down into parts to be discussed in the body. The e ssay map is generally one or two sentences that follow the thesis statement. The essay must be grammatically parallel. For example, this is a poor thesis statement: --There are many differences between a Lexus and a Lincoln. For example, this thesis statement is brief and specific: --Its aerodynamic design, its V-6 engine, and its luxury appointments make the Lexus a mechanically and aesthetically superior car than the Lincoln.
Announcements 8. Shaping The Thesis Avoid b road statements. A thesis that is too broad will cause the writer to present a superficial discussion that will never get beyond the obvious. Be specific and concise. Avoid factual statements.
Factual statements leave the writer with nothing to say, with no way to develop it. Avoid the Announcement Poor announcement example: --I will explain why our board of education should consider magnet schools. Evaluating Thesis Statement Determine whether these thesis statements are broad, factual, announcements, or vague, and then think about re-writing them. In the Introduction you want to: Catch the readers attention Lead into the topic Present your thesis main idea 3.
Creating Interest in Your Topic means: Providing background information on your thesis statement, some ways to do that is by: Tell a relevant story Explain why topic is important to your reader Present interesting images or use description that will keep readers interested.
General Essay Writing Tips - Essay Writing Center
Present an exciting problem or raise a provocative question. Present an opposing viewpoint. Body Paragraphs besides the introduction Body paragraphs will have two parts; topic sentence and supporting details. Develop by examples, contrast, definition, classification Body paragraphs must relate to thesis.
It must present facts and details to validate thesis. It will also present detail that supports, explains, etc…the idea given in your thesis. It will present the material to convince your reader of the validity of your thesis. This is important because the body paragraphs are the core of the essay. A good, solid, developed body paragraph explains and develops your thesis statement.
Topic Sentence The topic sentence provides focus by presenting the point the body paragraph will deal with, and usuallly appears at the beginning of the paragraph. This point will be something to support the thesis. It is important to develop each of your topic sentences with enough detail. Supporting Detail Supporting details involve all the information that explains the idea presented in the topic sentence. These details can be developed through description, narration, illustration, process analysis [explains step-by-step how something is done], comparison or contrast definition [to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences], classification, etc.
Part 6: How To Write An Essay
Pitfalls to Avoid Avoid one or two sentence paragraphs. These are seen in business writing; however in academic essays an average length body paragraph ranges from sentences, you want to have fully developed body paragraphs. Avoid ending a paragraph with a new idea. Avoid repeating the same idea in different ways.
7 Steps to Writing an Essay
Avoid including more than one idea in a body paragraph. Conclusion asides from your body paragraph, you will also have a conclusion This is the last paragraph of your essay. It leaves the reader with an overall reaction. It summarizes the main ideas of the essay. Gives the reader something to think about. It looks back or looks ahead.
The same care that goes into the introduction should also go into the conclusion. It is the last impression the reader has of your essay. Pitfalls to Avoid Avoid a conclusion that is out of proportion to the rest of your essay. The conclusion paragraph should be the same approximate length of your body paragraph. Avoid a conclusion that is not suited to your audience, purpose, or thesis. Outlining Outlining helps organize ideas before drafting.