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Discuss an influence the belief system had on the lives of its followers or the society in which it ​You may use any example from your study of global history .

The first few times it was like, oh, my goodness! Dave had said it. What effect did these efforts have on the classroom? They feel the warmth and they feed off that positive energy. And you can actually get through a lesson and maybe do something fun.

Parent-child interaction - Human behavior research | Noldus

And while the intervention is not aimed specifically on improving academic performance, Ruiz says she sees benefit. So when we can help them be successful behavior-wise, and pay attention more to lessons, they may also benefit academically. When kids who have become accustomed to failure get a chance to earn positive feedback, it can begin to transform their behavior, says Dr. And with this intense focus, over time, he adds, a child can start to internalize the positive messages, and a sense of mastery over behavior that was a source of frustration before.

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Sociocultural Development in Young Children

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The quality and nature of the parental nurturance that the child receives will profoundly influence his future development. The knowledge of these family factors associated with behaviour problems may be helpful to identify at risk children. To study the family factors associated with behaviour problems amongst children of Yrs age group. Medical College, Miraj Dist-Sangli. Total Children in the age group of years residing in the urban slum area and their parents were interviewed with the help of predesigned, pretested proforma.

Analysis: chi-square test and risk estimate with Odd's ratio. Our study result reveals significant association between prevalence of behaviour problems with absence of either or both real parents and alcoholism in the parent or care taker. The behaviour problems have good prognosis if they are recognized earlier. Family has great role in prevention of behaviour problems in children, so parental counseling may be helpful.

The behavior of a child is variable and depends on biological, social and environmental factors. Adults frequently label such behaviors as problem behaviors.

Studies on the prevalence of behavior problems in children shown alarming results and yet strikingly varying from one study to another. Studies conducted in rural and urban areas of different parts of India suggest prevalence range ranging from approximately 1.

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It is the major concern of frustration to parents. Parent-child relationship gets disrupted and creates family conflicts and disharmony. But only few homes provide the right type of environment to the growing child. Numerous studies have shown that children with various kinds of psychiatric and behavioral problems tend to come from homes or schools that are disadvantaged in some respect. Hence, the present study is planned to study certain family factors in association with behavior problems in adopted urban slum area of Government Medical College GMC , Miraj.

Parents of children in the study group and in some context children themselves interviewed with the help of predesigned, pretested proforma. The proforma was prepared after review of child behavior check list and achenbach system of empirically based assessment behavior problem check list used by different authors in their studies. The study populations enrolled for the study were permanent resident of the same area for last 5 years or more.

Prior to data collection written consent was obtained and data was collected by the corresponding author with the help of fieldworkers of Urban Health Training Center. The non-respondents or having any chronic illness and neurological disorders were excluded for the present study. A total children in the age group of years were enrolled for study from adopted urban slum area. The children were selected by simple random sampling method from the list of family survey registers of field workers. Their socio-demographic data and information regarding behavior was recorded.

Socio-demographic data pertaining to socioeconomic classification, type of family, parent educational status, parent habits and addictions etc. The behavior problems which were categorized as externalizing and internalizing in previous literature[ 8 , 9 , 10 ] were further sub classified as antisocial problems, habit problems, psychosomatic problems, personality problems, scholastic difficulties and eating problems etc. In our study, majority of children with behavior problems were coming from nuclear families.

The observed difference of behavior problems with type of family was not found statistically significant [ Table 1 ]. In the present study out of children, there were 71 In the present study group the absence of either parent was only because of death of either parent other causes separation or divorce were not found.

Out of these children 56 The observed difference was found statistically significant, showing that there is an association between behavior problems and absence of parents [ Table 2 ]. Furthermore the strength of association estimated with odd's ratio show that the absence of either one or both parents increases the risk of behavior problems four times when compared to children having both biological parents present.

In the present study, out of children, Amongst these children, Statistically there is a significant association between alcoholism in parents and prevalence of behavior problems in children. The risk of behavior problems increases almost 1. In this study we observed no significant association between type of family and prevalence of behavior problems in children. Deivasigamani[ 11 ] and Gupta et al. Although Bhalla et al. The present study revealed a significant association between loss of parents and prevalence rate of behavior problems.

Most of the research studies related to mental illness and psychological disturbances have shown a significant correlation between loss of parent and psychopathology in children.

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Srinivasan and Raman[ 15 ] in their study estimated 9. Deivasigamani found absent father in most of children with psychiatric morbidity.

Essays on Child Behavior

Gregory[ 17 ] shown parental loss as a predisposing factor in delinquent behavior in children. Furthermore, Prat[ 18 ] stated that parental loss is associated with significant psychosocial and mental health problems in adolescents.

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development

All these studies support the result of the present study showing significance of presence of parents in the life of children and adolescents. Alcoholism in a parent or care taker of children was found significantly associated with prevalence of behavior problems in children. Shenoy and Kapur[ 19 ] studied socio-demographic factors in children with scholastic backwardness; shown alcoholism in the parent as a significant factor. Srinath et al. Few of the western studies have also shown alcoholism in parents as a predisposing factor for psychological and mental problems in children and adolescents.

Prat[ 21 ] stated that in US, India or South East Asia, adolescents who live in households where alcohol is abused are at risk being victims of family violence leading to behavior problems. The present study shows that family structure is changing more in favor of nuclear setup. Probably, may be because the majority of families are migrated from rural places to urban areas in search of work or for educational purposes. Hence the older persons in family remain at their homes in villages. All these factors contribute to the majority of nuclear families in slum areas. Probably other vulnerable factors present in these children in the present study may be masking the effect of type of family.

Parents are first guide and teacher in the life of children. They fulfill their physical and emotional needs and also provide social and psychological support to their child. The presence of parents increases the secured awareness in the child which prevents them from being exposed to peer group pressure or influence of the outer world. Alcoholism is now a days increasing in India. In slum areas, most of the population is migrated and doing labor work.

The increased economic pressure and indulged in heavy working makes this population involved in alcoholism. The alcoholism in parents is responsible for disharmony in home environments; there is poor interaction between family members, which hampers the psychosocial development of children. Family based interventions which focus on improving communication within the family had some success in treating behavior problems.

In family therapy, the primary goal is to change dysfunctional family systems, clarify family roles and promote honest and open communication among family members.